Orange County is a rapidly developing business center that includes Downtown Santa Ana, the South Coast Metro, and Newport Center districts, as well as the Irvine business centers of The Irvine Spectrum, West Irvine, and international corporations headquartered at the University of California, Irvine. The Los Angeles area is known to be geologically active. Some of the world's largest action sports events, including the X Games,[8] Boost Mobile Pro,[9] and the U.S. Open of Surfing, are held in southern California. Within Orange County, lava flows and dikes can be seen in El Modena although no actual crater can be seen, likely because either it has been totally eroded or it was formed in a small fissure, which would explain why it's so localized. Los Angeles itself has many business districts, such as Downtown Los Angeles and those lining the Wilshire Boulevard Miracle Mile, including Century City, Westwood, and Warner Center in the San Fernando Valley. One thing is for sure: this volcano is still very active and can erupt. On the contrary, major efforts have been made to fund a practical earthquake warning system, similar to what Japan used in Tokyo during the 2011 Japan earthquake, in Southern California. With almost 40 million people (according to 2019 estimates), California is the nation’s most populous state—its population is much larger than that of second-place Texas (29 million) and third-place Florida (21 million). Monitoring efforts have varied in frequency and type across years. While driving along Interstate 40, lava fields can stretch for miles. Along Route 66 in Amboy, California, is the extinct volcano Amboy Crater which is estimated to be aged at 80,000 years. [24] The magnitude 6.7 1994 Northridge earthquake was particularly destructive, causing a substantial number of deaths, injuries, and structural collapses as well as the most property damage of any earthquake in U.S. history at an estimated $20 billion.[25]. It is relatively new in geologic terms, but heavily eroded by wind. California's current population is estimated at 39,557,045 as of July 1, 2018, by the U.S. Census Bureau. Many faults are able to produce a magnitude greater than 6.7 earthquake, such as the San Andreas Fault, which can produce a magnitude 8.0 event. Many of southern California's most developed cities lie along or in close proximity to the coast, with the exception of San Bernardino and Riverside. There are many educational opportunities for residents in Southern California, including multiple campuses throughout the region of the University of California and California State University. Nearly 55 million years later, this volcano was offset by about 250 miles. [6] With a population of approximately 4 million, Los Angeles is the most populous city in California and the second most populous in the United States. Southern California is home to many major business districts. The cities and communities along Interstate 15 and Interstate 215 are so interrelated that Temecula and Murrieta have as much connection with the San Diego metropolitan area as they do with the Inland Empire. The extension of surface led to cracks which formed many independent faults. Much of southern California is famous for its large, spread-out, suburban communities and use of automobiles and highways. It has been proposed to split the region into its own state. [31][32] Of these metropolitan areas, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana metropolitan area, Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario metropolitan area, and Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura metropolitan area form Greater Los Angeles;[33] while the El Centro metropolitan area and San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos metropolitan area form the Southern Border Region. Newly developed exurbs formed in the Antelope Valley, north of Los Angeles, the Victor Valley, and the Coachella Valley with the Imperial Valley. Southern California is home to Los Angeles International Airport, the second-busiest airport in the United States by passenger volume (see World's busiest airports by passenger traffic) and the third-busiest by international passenger volume (see Busiest airports in the United States by international passenger traffic); San Diego International Airport, the busiest single-runway airport in the world; Van Nuys Airport, the world's busiest general aviation airport; major commercial airports at Orange County, Bakersfield, Ontario, Burbank and Long Beach; and numerous smaller commercial and general aviation airports. Southern California consists of a heavily developed urban environment, home to some of the largest urban areas in the state, along with vast areas that have been left undeveloped. YWCA encourage women to get out and vote for issues that impact them South of Los Angeles and with a population of approximately 1.4 million is San Diego, the second most populous city in the state and the eighth most populous in the nation. It is the third most populated megalopolis in the United States, after the Great Lakes Megalopolis and the Northeast Megalopolis. Southern California is also home to a large homegrown surf and skateboard culture. Spanish missionaries converted and subjugated them as part of the construction of the California mission chain. [12], Southern California was the name of a proposed new state which failed to get on the 2018 California ballot. California has been the most populous state in the United States officially since the 1970 Census when its population (19,953,134) exceeded the population of New York State (18,237,000). Only several hundred have been greater than magnitude 3.0, and only about 15–20 have been greater than magnitude 4.0. The inland desert city of Palm Springs is also popular. The proposal was sent to Washington, D.C. with a strong advocate in Senator Milton Latham. Since the 1920s, motion pictures, petroleum, and aircraft manufacturing have been major industries. It was approved overwhelmingly by nearly 75 percent of voters in the proposed Territory of Colorado. Steelhead trout are a unique species. Geographically, California's North-South midway point lies at exactly 37° 9' 58.23" latitude, around 11 miles (18 km) south of San Jose; however, this does not coincide with the popular use of the term. Subsequently, Californians (dissatisfied with inequitable taxes and land laws) and pro-slavery Southerners in the lightly populated "cow counties" of southern California attempted three times in the 1850s to achieve a separate statehood or territorial status separate from Northern California. Much of the west coast of North America was part of a large convergent plate boundary between the Farallon Plate and North American Plate from 165 to 55 million years ago. The ballot measure proposed splitting the existing state into three parts.[13]. Before then, it was submerged and was part a shallow ocean floor. A major earthquake hasn't happened in the southern section of the San Andreas Fault in over 150 years and geologist have determined a 50% probability of a 7.0 earthquake, registered on the moment magnitude scale within the years 2010 to 2040. Southern California is divided culturally, politically, and economically into distinct regions, each containing its own culture and atmosphere, anchored usually by a city with both national and sometimes global recognition, which is often the hub of economic activity for its respective region and being home to many tourist destinations. It encompasses eight metropolitan areas (MSAs), three of which together form the Greater Los Angeles Combined Statistical Area (CSA) with over 18 million people, the second-biggest CSA after the New York CSA. Even though Los Angeles County lost residents, the new Census data shows California added 157,696 residents statewide in 2018, reaching a population of 39.557 million… Los Angeles (with a 2017 census-estimated population of 4.0 million people) and San Diego (at 1.4 million people) are the two largest cities in all of California and are in the top eight largest cities in the United States. San Diego has the second largest population in the region at 1.4 million. Nearly all of them are so small that they are not felt. Despite seeing what appears to be significant growth, the rate of growth for Southern California is below the state’s average. It is sheltered by the Little San Bernardino Mountains to the north, the Santa Rosa Mountains to the south and the San Jacinto Mountains to the west. 37,253,956. That closely matches the lower one-third of California's span of latitude. This would create steep volcanoes with extremely high elevations. Metropolitan areas have +150,000 according to source at the time estimated. Geothermal energy plants are abundant in the area, which power much of the local rural communities. To the south of the Salon Sea, there is a gap between plate boundaries. When this fault was just created, a volcano from the ancient subduction zone was situated about 3/4th on the Pacific Plate and 1/4th on the North American plate somewhere in what is today Central California. This definition coincides neatly with the county lines at 35° 47′ 28″ North latitude, which form the northern borders of San Luis Obispo, Kern, and San Bernardino counties. Southern California's southern border with Baja California is part of the Mexico–United States border. Southern California is home to many sports franchises and sports networks such as Fox Sports Net. Other faults include the San Jacinto Fault, the Puente Hills Fault, and the Elsinore Fault Zone. Historically, major earthquakes have occurred along the fault, large enough to cause fatalities and millions of dollars in damages. The San Diego Yacht Club held the America's Cup, the most prestigious prize in yachting, from 1988 to 1995 and hosted three America's Cup races during that time. Hollywood, a district of Los Angeles, gives its name to the American motion picture industry, which is synonymous with the neighborhood name. Residents remain entertained with theme parks in the area including Disneyland and Universal Studios Hollywood. Another definition of Southern California includes two additional counties: San Luis Obispo and Kern. Amongst these include five University of California campuses (Irvine, Los Angeles, Riverside, Santa Barbara, and San Diego), 12 California State University campuses (Bakersfield, Channel Islands, Dominguez Hills, Fullerton, Los Angeles, Long Beach, Northridge, Pomona, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Marcos, and San Luis Obispo); and private institutions such as the California Institute of Technology, Azusa Pacific University, Chapman University, the Claremont Colleges (Claremont McKenna College, Harvey Mudd College, Pitzer College, Pomona College, Scripps College, Claremont Graduate University and Keck Graduate Institute), Loma Linda University, Loyola Marymount University, Occidental College, Pepperdine University, University of Redlands, University of San Diego, and the University of Southern California. The Monterey Formation consists of shale rocks, which were created from the accumulation calcium-rich shells of dead marine life of millions of years. to be about 20 million years old. Since then, southern California, and San Diego in particular, have become a mecca for triathlon and multi-sport racing, products and culture. Total population in California ; Total Population: 37,253,956; Male Population: 18,517,830; Female Population: 18,736,126 The thickest part on land in California can be observed as far inland as the Salton Sea. This is the beginnings of the infamous San Andreas Fault. The motion picture, television, and music industry are centered in the Los Angeles area in southern California. In 1999, the Times added a newer county, Imperial, to that list. Most of the rocks in this area are part of the larger Monterey Formation which covers most of the California coastal ranges. Southern California fans of “slow growth” are getting their wish: Local population barely advanced in 2019. One defines SoCal as having eight counties. The southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) population at San Nicolas Island, California, has been monitored annually since the translocation of 140 sea otters to the island was completed in 1990. Skateboarder Tony Hawk; surfers Rob Machado, Timmy Curran, Bobby Martinez, Pat O'Connell, Dane Reynolds, and Chris Ward live in southern California. Other industries include software, automotive, ports, finance, biomedical, and regional logistics. Orange County Sheriff Don Barnes joins 'The Ingraham Angle' to discuss his resistance Much of the population is centered in several large cities. The sulfur mixes with the water vapor to form sulfuric acid which is notorious for eating away at almost anything from plants to rocks. This is a partial list of earthquakes in Southern California. Approximately 60% of the state’s total population lives in Southern California. Southern California is a region in the United States. This is based upon demographics and economic ties. The San Andreas Fault is about 40 miles north east of Downtown Los Angeles. By 2030, California’s population is projected to reach 44.1 million. Many locals and tourists frequent the southern California coast for its beaches. The last attempt, the Pico Act of 1859, was passed by the California State Legislature and signed by State Governor John B. Weller. There are only a few places where the Pacific Plate is actually above the ocean. The dominant areas are Los Angeles, Orange County, San Diego, and Riverside-San Bernardino, each of which are the centers of their respective metropolitan areas, composed of numerous smaller cities and communities. Southern California sheriff defies order to reduce prison population FOX News. There are two different definitions for the counties that make up Southern California. Southern California includes the heavily built-up urban area which stretches along the Pacific coast from Ventura through Greater Los Angeles down to Greater San Diego (the contiguous urban area in fact continuing into Tijuana, Mexico), and inland to the Inland Empire and Coachella Valley (Palm Springs area). 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"A Chicano Perspective on San Diego History,", Shragge, Abraham. The Southern California Megaregion (or megalopolis) is larger still, extending northeast into Las Vegas, Nevada and south across the Mexican border into Tijuana.[5]. There are two different definitions … Note: Plate boundary faults are indicated with a (#) symbol. Some stay in fresh water all their lives, and are called Here, the Farallon Plate subducted under the North American Plate creating volcanoes about 100 miles east of this boundary which can still be seen as the Sierra Nevada which it has its southern border about 30 miles east of Grapevine, California in the Tejon Pass. For the railroad, see, Red: The ten counties of Southern California. About 60% is just carbon (C) and water vapor (H2O). When the subduction zone ceased about 55 million years ago, the Farallon Plate was split into two distinctive plates which can still be observed today as the Juan de Fuca Plate and the Cocos Plate. The Colorado Desert and the Colorado River are located on southern California's eastern border with Arizona, and San Bernardino County shares a border with Nevada to the northeast. The largest cities in Southern California are Los Angeles with a population of 4 million people, according to 2017 estimates. At the last official United States census carried out in 2010, the population of California was declared at 37,253,956 which makes the state the most populous by a wide margin over 2nd place Texas (28 million). Southern California is not a formal geographic designation and definitions of what constitutes southern California vary. That is the reason why oceanic plates always subduct under another plate. Southern California’s economy is one of the most diverse in the nation. The coastline of the southern California and sits at 148 metres above sea level cities to Angeles. Fatalities and millions of dollars in damages which is estimated at 39,557,045 as the... 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